The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.The pharynx is an area found in vertebrates and invertebrates, though the structure is not universally the same across all of those species. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD, TMJD) is an umbrella term covering pain and…